Top 28 Backyard Birds in New Mexico (Free Picture ID Printable)

American Robin for identification

Have you wondered what those birds are that are visiting your backyard in New Mexico? Do you need help identifying common backyard birds in New Mexico?

There is a great joy in putting up bird feeders and watching what comes to visit, but it gets better if you know who they are. Well, now you can find out the most common birds in New Mexico that visit feeders or hop across your lawn.

So if you’re ready to do some backyard birding in New Mexico, then read on to find out how to identify birds and how to attract more birds to your yard.

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Also, get free printable backyard bird worksheets with pictures for New Mexico to help you identify and keep track of the birds that visit your backyard.

Top 28 backyard birds in New Mexico

  1. Dark-eyed Junco
  2. House Finch
  3. Mourning Dove
  4. Black-chinned Hummingbird
  5. American Robin
  6. White-crowned Sparrow
  7. Northern Flicker
  8. American Crow
  9. Lesser Goldfinch
  10. Spotted Towhee
  11. White-winged Dove
  12. Western Kingbird
  13. Barn Swallow
  14. House Sparrow
  15. White-breasted Nuthatch
  16. Broad-tailed Hummingbird
  17. Say’s Phoebe
  18. Song Sparrow
  19. Northern Mockingbird
  20. Yellow-rumped warbler
  21. Eurasian collared dove
  22. Red-winged Blackbird
  23. Pine Siskin
  24. Chipping Sparrow
  25. Mountain Chickadee
  26. Western Bluebird
  27. Western Meadowlark
  28. Ruby-crowned Kinglet

These are the backyard birds most often seen in New Mexico that may visit your lawn or feeders. In addition, they are the birds that appear most frequently on state checklists on ebird. The data is a combination of birds most commonly spotted in New Mexico in summer (June and July), winter (December and January) and throughout the year.

Birds that are not often seen at feeders or backyards were removed to give you the birds in New Mexico you are most likely to see from home.

This data mix ensures that whatever time of year you are bird-watching in New Mexico, these are the birds you will most likely spot at feeders or on your lawn.

Birds in New Mexico

The Greater Roadrunner is the state bird of New Mexico.  This ground cuckoo was chosen in 1949 and can run at speeds of up to 15 miles per hour.

There are 558 species of bird recorded in New Mexico, according to ebird.  Some of the highlight birds in New Mexico are Black-chinned Hummingbird, Golden Eagle, Wild Turkey, Pyrrhuloxia, American White Pelican, Osprey, White-faced Ibis, Long-eared Owl, Rough-legged Hawk, Ferruginous Hawk, Great Blue Heron, Sandhill Crane, Northern Shoveler, and Greater Roadrunner.

The biggest bird in New Mexico is the California Condor, with a wingspan of up to 10 feet (3 m). This critically endangered bird is being helped with captive breeding and has risen from a low of just 27 birds to over 300.

The smallest bird in New Mexico is the Calliope Hummingbird which is only about 3 in long, but they can travel long distances from Canada all the way to southern Mexico.

The most common bird in New Mexico is the House Finch, which is seen in 46% of recorded checklists for the state on ebird throughout the year.

New Mexico has 2 national parks, 5 national forests, 8 national wildlife refuges, and 35 state parks that offer excellent bird watching opportunities if you want to get out and watch birds in their natural environment.

Read to the end of this article to find out more about the other birds you may be able to spot if you go out birding in New Mexico and how to attract and identify birds.

Common Birds at Different Times of Year in New Mexico

The birds that are attracted to backyards in New Mexico changes throughout the year.  The lists below show the backyard birds that are most commonly seen at different times of the year in New Mexico.

Notable differences show that Black-chinned Hummingbirds, Mourning Doves, Lesser Goldfinch and Western Kingbirds are more common in summer and Dark-eyed Junco, White-crowned Sparrow and Northern Flickers are more common in winter.

Common birds in New Mexico all year

House Finch 46%
Dark-eyed Junco 38%
American Robin 30%
Mourning Dove 29%
White-winged Dove 26%
Northern Flicker 25%
Spotted Towhee 24%
White-crowned Sparrow 22%
Lesser Goldfinch 22%
House Sparrow 21%

Summer birds New Mexico

House Finch 41%
Mourning Dove 38%
Black-chinned Hummingbird 33%
American Robin 30%
Lesser Goldfinch 28%
Spotted Towhee 28%
White-winged Dove 23%
Western Kingbird 22%
Barn Swallow 22%
House Sparrow 20%

Winter birds New Mexico

Dark-eyed Junco 75%
House Finch 46%
White-crowned Sparrow 34%
Northern Flicker 32%
American Crow 28%
American Robin 28%
White-winged Dove 25%
Spotted Towhee 23%
House Sparrow 22%
White-breasted Nuthatch 17%

Free Printable Backyard Birds Worksheet for New Mexico

These free bird identification worksheets have all the common backyard birds in New Mexico at different times of the year. So when you want to do some backyard birding, these handy guides have pictures and space to either tick off the types of birds you have seen or keep a tally of the total number of birds.

Backyard Birds Identification Worksheet New Mexico Page 1
Backyard Birds Identification Worksheet New Mexico Page 2
Backyard Birds Identification Worksheet New Mexico Page 3

Top 28 backyard birds in New Mexico

1. Dark-eyed Junco

Dark eyed junco for identification

Dark-eyed Juncos are sparrows that are of different colors depending on the state.  They are generally slate-colored in the east and black, white, and brown in the west.

They can be found in open and partially wooded areas, often on the ground and are common across the continent. Some remain resident all year in the west and the Appalachian Mountains.  Those that breed in Canada and Alaska migrate south in winter to much of the United States.

You can attract more Dark-eyed Juncos to backyard feeders with a variety of seeds such as black oil sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, millet, and peanuts.  Use platform feeders or scattering the seed on the ground is best.

2. House Finch

house finch male
House finch female

House Finches have a red head and breast in the males and brown-streaked coloring in the females.  Originally they were only found in western states, but it was introduced to the eastern states and has done very well, even pushing out the Purple Finch.

They can be found in parks, farms, forest edges, and backyard feeders. They can be found in noisy groups that are hard to miss.

You can attract more House Finches to backyard feeders with black oil sunflower seeds or nyjer seeds in tube feeders or platform feeders.

There are a surprising number of red birds in New Mexico that you should check out.

3. Mourning Dove

Mourning Dove

Mourning Doves are graceful small-headed birds, plump bodies and long tails.  They are a soft brown with black spots on the wings.

They can be seen perching on telephone wires and forage for seeds on the ground in grasslands, fields, and backyards. Mourning Doves can be found in open areas or on the edge of woodland.

Mourning Doves are common over all of the lower 48 all year but may migrate after breeding from the far north.

You can attract more Mourning Doves to your backyard by scattering millet on the ground or platform feeders.  They will also eat black sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, and peanut hearts.

4. Black-chinned Hummingbird

black chinned hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbirds are dull metallic green on the back and grayish-white underneath.  The males have a black throat with a thin iridescent base and the females have a pale throat.

Black-chinned Hummingbirds breed in eastern states and migrate to western Mexico the Gulf Coast in the winter. They eat nectar, small insects, and spiders and their tongues can lick 13-17 times per second when feeding on nectar.

They can often be seen sitting at the top of dead trees on tiny bare branches and often return to a favorite perch. They can be found along canyons and rivers in the southwest or by shady oaks on the Gulf Coast.

To attract more Black-chinned Hummingbirds to your yard, make nectar made with sugar and water in Hummingbird feeders and native trumpet flowers in red and orange.

5. American Robin

American Robin for identification

American Robins are a common sight on lawns eating earthworms.  They have black heads and back with red or orange breasts.  They tend to roost in trees in winter, so you are more likely to see them in your backyard from spring.

American Robins can be found in many habitats, from woodlands, forests, and mountains to fields, parks, and lawns. They eat earthworms, insects, snails, and fruit.

You can attract more American Robins to your yard with sunflower seeds, suet and peanut hearts, fruit, and mealworms.  Platform feeders are best or food scattered on the ground. Also, try planting some native plants that produce berries such as juniper, sumac, hawthorn, and dogwood.

6. White-crowned Sparrow

white-crowned sparrow

White-crowned Sparrows are large grayish sparrows with long tails and small bills and bold black and white stripes on their heads.

They breed in Alaska and arctic Canada before heading south other much of the lower 48 and Mexico for winter. However, some may remain all year over a small area along the Pacific Coast and west.

White-crowned Sparrows are found in weedy fields, along roadsides, forest edges,  and in yards foraging for seeds of weeds and grasses or fruit such as elderberries and blackberries.

You can attract more White-crowned Sparrows to your backyard with sunflower seeds and many types of seeds that are dropped by other birds at the feeders.

7. Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker

Northern Flickers are large woodpeckers, between the size of a robin and a crow, with brownish coloring and black spots, bars, and crescents and red on the nape.  The undersides of tail and wing feathers are bright yellow in eastern birds and red in western birds.

They can be found on the ground looking for ants and beetles in woods or forest edges. Those that breed in Canada or Alaska migrate to southern states but otherwise they can be found all year over the lower 48 all year.

You can attract more Northern Flickers to your backyard feeders with suet and black oil sunflower seeds.

Check out all the species of woodpeckers in New Mexico that you could spot.

8. American Crow

American Crow for identification

American crows are large all-black birds that make a hoarse, cawing sound. They are common birds found in most habitats, including treetops, woods, fields, beaches, or towns.

They eat most things and usually feed on the ground, eating earthworms, insects, seeds, and fruit. They also eat fish, young turtles, mussels, and clams and will even eat eggs and nestlings of many species of birds.

American Crows gather in large numbers of up to two million crows in winter to sleep in communal roosts.

You can attract more American Crows to your backyard by scattering peanuts but can become a nuisance as attracted by garbage or pet food if left out.

9. Lesser Goldfinch

lessor goldfinch

Lesser Goldfinches are tiny bright yellow and black songbirds with long pointed wings and short notched tails. Females have olive backs and are more dull yellow underneath.

Residents in the far southwest, with those to the north of their range breeding then migrating further south.

Lesser Goldfinches can be found in large flocks in open habitats, including thickets, weedy fields, forest clearings parks, and gardens. They forage for seeds, especially sunflower seeds, and fruits from elderberry, coffeeberry, and buds from cottonwoods, willows, sycamores, and alders.

You can attract more Lesser Goldfinches to your yard with sunflower seeds and nyjer in tube feeders or platform feeders.

10. Spotted Towhee

Spotted Towhee

Spotted Towhees are large sparrows that are black on the head, throat, and back in the males and brown in the females.  Both males and females have reddish-brown sides and white bellies and white spots on the wings and back.  They have long tails and are about the size of a Robin.

Spotted Towhees can be found on the ground in dense tangles of shrubs scratching around for insects including beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, caterpillars, wasps, and bees. They also eat acorns, berries, and seeds.

They are resident on the Pacific coast but migrate from northern central states after breeding and appear in winter in a swath from north to south across all central states.

You can attract more Spotted Towhees to your yard if you leave overgrown borders and they will visit platform feeders or ground feeders for Black Oil Sunflower seeds, Hulled Sunflower seeds, Cracked Corn, Millet, and Milo.

11. White-winged Dove

White-winged dove

White-winged Doves are pale brown with a black line on the cheek and a white stripe on the edge of the closed wing, which is striking on the middle of a dark wing in flight.

Found along the border with Mexico and into Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies.  Those to the north of the range may move south towards the Gulf Coast or into Mexico for winter.

White-winged Doves live in deserts, dense, thorny forests, woodlands, and suburban areas. Their diet is mostly grain and also fruits and large seeds and are found foraging on the ground.

To attract more White-winged Doves to your yard try sunflower, corn, safflower, and milo on platform feeders—also, plant native berry-producing shrubs.

12. Western Kingbird

Western Kingbird

Western Kingbirds are large flycatchers with yellow bellies, whitish chests, gray heads, grayish-brown wings, and a darker tail.

They breed over all of western North America and are a familiar sight in summer before migrating to Mexico and Central America, some may overwinter in the south of Florida.

They live in open habitats and are often found perched on fences and utility lines waiting for insects to fly by before catching them in mid-flight. They can often be found near the edge of woodlands to nest in the trees and forage in the open. They also nest in human-made structures.

You can attract more Western Kingbirds to your yard by making it insect-friendly and planting elderberry or hawthorn, which they will also eat the fruit from.

13. Barn Swallow

barn swallow

Barn Swallows are small birds with a deep-blue back, wings and tail, and reddish-brown underneath and across the face. The tail has long outer feathers that give a deep fork.

They breed over most of North America before heading to Central and South America. They can be found flying over meadows, farms, and fields looking for insects and usually build mud nests on man-made structures such as in barns.

You can attract more Barn Swallows by putting up nest boxes or cups and may eat ground-up eggshells on a platform feeder.

14. House Sparrow

House sparrow for identification

The House Sparrow is another introduced species that has done very well and is now one of the most common birds. Brown and black on the back and gray underneath with white on the cheeks in the males.  Females are a softer brown color.

House Sparrows are found near houses and buildings and can be quite tame so that they will eat out of your hand. They can be considered a pest as they are non-native but they will be found in backyards even if you do not feed them.

You can attract more House Sparrows to your backyard feeders with most kinds of birdseed, including millet, corn, and sunflower seeds.

15. White-breasted Nuthatch

White breasted nuthatch for identification

White-breasted Nuthatches are active little birds that are gray-blue on the back and white on the face and belly, with a black cap. They will often have a chestnut color on the lower belly and under the tail.

They can be found in deciduous forests, woodland edges, parks and yards with trees or at feeders. They mainly eat insects including beetles and their larvae, caterpillars, ants and also spiders.

White-breasted Nuthatches also eat seeds and nuts, including acorns, hawthorns, sunflwer seeds and sometime corn crops. They jam large nuts and acorns into tree bark and then whack them with their bills to open or ‘hatch’ them to get the seed out.

You can attract more White-breasted Nuthatches to your backyard with sunflower seeds and peanuts on tube feeders or suet feeders.

16. Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Broad-tailed Hummingbird male (Selasphorus platycercus)

Broad-tailed Hummingbirds live in higher elevations and are iridescent green on the back, brownish in the wings, and white on the chest and into the belly.  Males have an iridescent rose throat, females and juveniles have green spots on their throats and cheeks.

 Broad-tailed Hummingbirds breed in high meadows and open woodlands between 5,000 – 10,000 feet elevation in the mountain west, between late May and August, before migrating to southern Mexico for the winter. Due to the cold at higher elevations, the Broad-tailed Hummingbird can slow their heart rate and drop their body temperature to enter a state of torpor.

Nectar from flowers is the usual food of hummingbirds and Broad-tailed Hummingbirds drink from larkspur, red columbine, sage, scarlet gilia and they will come to hummingbirds feeders.  They supplement their diet with small insects and will feed their young on insects too.

To attract more Broad-tailed Hummingbirds to your backyard, put sugar water in a hummingbird feeder and add tubular plants to your yard.

17. Say’s Phoebe

Say's Phoebe

Say’s Phoebes are slender, long-tailed flycatchers that are brownish-gray above and with a cinnamon belly, gray breast, and blackish tail.

Dry open country, including badlands, canyons, and desert borders, are the usual habitat of Say’s Phoebes. These birds breed in Alaska, northwestern Canada, and the northern U.S before migrating south to southwestern states and Mexico.  Those in southern states remain all year.

Say’s Phoebe’s are flycatchers and their diet is mostly insects such as beetles, crickets, bees, and flies. They often nest on buildings and can be seen perched on fence posts and around buildings or in the nest under an eave.

To attract more Say’s Phoebes to your yard put up a nest box or a shelf attached to a building to encourage nesting and plant native trees and shrubs.

18. Song Sparrow

Song sparrow for identification

Song sparrows are not as remarkable as other backyard birds but these predominantly brown-streaked birds use their almost constant song to attract mates in spring and summer.

They can be found in open, shrubby, and wet areas, often perched on a low shrub singing and often visit backyard feeders. Song Sparrows eat a wide variety of insects and plants including beetles, caterpillars, midges, spiders, and earthworms. They will also eat buckwheat, sunflower, raspberries, wild cherries, blackberries, wheat and, rice.

You can attract more song sparrows to your backyard feeders by putting black oil sunflower seeds, cracked corn, and nyjer on platform feeders.

19. Northern Mockingbird

Northern mockingbird for identification

Northern Mockingbirds are medium-sized songbirds with small heads and long tails. They are a gray-brown color and slightly paler on the underside compared to the back. They have two white wingbars visible in flight.

They are usually seen alone or in pairs and aggressively defend their territory. A male mockingbird can learn around 200 songs in its life, copying other birds’ songs and they can sing all through the day and into the night.

Usually resident in southern and eastern states but may migrate from the north of their range.

They don’t often visit feeders but will come to open lawn areas. To attract more Northern Mockingbirds, try planting fruiting trees or bushes, including hawthorns, mulberries, and blackberry brambles.

20. Yellow-rumped warbler

yellow rumped warbler

Yellow-rumped Warblers are gray with flashes of yellow on the face, sides, and rump and white in the wings. Females may be slightly brown and winter birds are paler brown with bright yellow rumps and sides turning bright yellow and gray again in spring.

After breeding predominantly in Canada, they migrate in large numbers south across most of southern and central North America and the Pacific Coast and throughout Mexico and Central America. 

You can attract Yellow-rumped Warblers to your backyard with sunflower seeds, suet, raisins, and peanut butter.

21. Eurasian collared dove

Eurasian collared dove

Eurasian Collared-Doves are an introduced species that only arrived in the 1980s but are now across most of the country. They are light brownish-gray, with white patches in the tail, and look very similar to Mourning Doves, but with a black half collar at the nape of the neck, they are also larger, and with a square tail rather than pointed.

Preferring areas near people where seeds are plentiful, such as backyard feeders and farms, they are not found in heavy forest. Eurasian Collared’Doves predominantly eat a wide variety of seeds and grain but also will eat some berries and insects.

You can attract more Eurasian-Collared-Doves to your backyard with millet, oats, cracked corn, and Black oil sunflower seeds or hulled sunflower seeds on ground feeders, but they may also visit platform or hopper feeders.

22. Red-winged Blackbird

Red winged blackbird for identification

Red-winged blackbirds are very common and easy to identify with the all-black coloring except for the bright red and yellow shoulder patches. The females are rather dull in comparison with brown streaky coloring.

They can often be spotted sitting on telephone wires and the males will fiercely defend their territories in the breeding season even attacking people that get too close to nests. In winter they roost in large numbers into the millions.

To attract more Red-winged blackbirds to your backyard try mixed grain and seeds spread on the ground. They will also feed on large tube feeders or platform feeders.

23. Pine Siskin

pine siskin

Pine Siskins are small finches that are streaked brown with yellow streaks in the wing and tail. They have a forked tail and ointed wings, with a short pointed bill.

Pine Siskins breed in Canada and can over winter in most of the U.S but their migration depends on pine cone crops, so some years they may not migrate.  Some birds remain all year in pine forests of the west.

As their name suggests Pine Siskins predominantly eat seeds from conifers, but they also eat young buds and seeds from grasses and weeds.

Pine Siskins can be attracted to backyards with thistle and nyjer feeders and black oil sunflower seeds and suet.

24. Chipping Sparrow

chipping sparrow

Chipping Sparrows are slender, long-tailed birds that have a grayish belly and brown and black-streaked back, with a rusty crown and black eye line. in winter the colors are more subdued.

Breeding over much of North America and Canada then flying to Mexico and Florida or in the far south they remain all year. They are found foraging on the ground for seeds and insects in grassy forests, woodlands, parks and backyards. They can be found in small flocks on open ground and will come to backyards for many kinds of birdseed.

You can attract more Chipping sparrows to your yard for many kinds of birdseed, including hulled sunflower seeds, nyjer seeds, cracked corn, millet, and milo from ground feeders, platform feeders, or hoppers.

25. Mountain Chickadee

mountain chickadee

Mountain Chickadees are tiny birds with black-and-white heads and gray over the body, darker on the back and light gray underneath.

They are residents of the mountains in the west and are commonly seen in evergreen forests especially conifers.  Mountain Chickadees eat insects and spiders, nuts, and seeds and will often visit backyard feeders. Mountain Chickadees will often stash food for later and create a store of food.

To attract more Mountain Chickadees to your yard try putting up nest boxes and they will visit most types of feeders with black oil sunflower seeds, mealworms, nyjer, suet and, peanut butter.

26. Western Bluebird

western bluebird

Western Bluebirds are very social small, stocky thrushes that are shiny blue on the back and rust-orange on the breast and across the upper back in the males.  Females are not so bright instead, they are a dull buff-gray, with pale orange on the breast and blue tints to the wings and tail.

Western Bluebirds are often residents, but some in the far northwest may migrate south or to lower elevations. They tend to live in woodlands rather than open areas and are readily found in areas that have dead trees such as burned forests and logged areas.

The diet of Western Bluebirds is primarily insects in summer and fruit and seeds in winter.  Caterpillars, beetles, and ants, as well as spiders and snails or other ground-dwelling insects, are common summer food.  Elderberry, grapes, mistletoe, raspberries, blackberries, sumac, juniper make up their winter diet.

To attract more Western Bluebirds to your yard offer mealworms in summer and put up a nest box, also plant berry plants such as elderberry, raspberries, and juniper.

27. Western Meadowlark

western meadowlark

Western Meadowlarks, with their bright yellow bellies and melodious song, can brighten up your day.  This is probably what makes them so popular, so popular in fact that they are the state bird of 6 states.

Western Meadowlarks are related to blackbirds and are about the size of a Robin with shades of brown and white upperparts and with a black V-shaped band across the bright yellow chest that turns gray in winter.

Breeding in northern U.S and Canada before moving to more southern states.  Those in the west and midwest remain all year. Western Meadowlarks can be found foraging for insects and seeds from weeds and seeds, on the ground alone or in small flocks in grasslands, meadows, and fields.

28. Ruby-crowned Kinglet

ruby crowned kinglet

Ruby-crowned Kinglets are small songbirds that are olive-green and the males have a brilliant red crown that is usually flat so hard to see, but really great if you do.

They breed across Canada and the western mountains before migrating to southern and southwestern states and Mexico for the winter.  They can also be seen during migration when they are widespread.

Ruby-crowned Kinglets can be hard to spot and they are fast-moving quiet birds that flit around in the foliage of lower branches and of shrubs and trees looking for spiders and insects.

They come to suet feeders or platform feeders for hulled sunflower seeds, peanut hearts, and mealworms.

Best Bird Feeders to Attract Birds in New Mexico

A variety of different bird feeders will attract the most species of birds

  1.  Tube Feeders can be filled with different types of birdseed and depending on the seed different birds will be attracted. Black oil sunflower seeds attract Goldfinches, Chickadees, Woodpeckers, Nuthatches, and Pine Siskins.
  2. Ground Feeders or a tray below a Tube Feeder with Black oil sunflowers tube feeders attract Cardinals, Jays, Finches, and Sparrows.
  3. Platform feeders with Millet or Corn attract small and medium-sized birds such as sparrows, Blackbirds, Towhees, Juncos, Doves, Grackles, and Starlings.
  4. Peanut feeders attract Woodpeckers, Chickadees, Nuthatches, Titmice, Jays, Juncos, Finches, and Sparrows.
  5. Suet Feeders are great, especially in winter, for Woodpeckers, Cardinals, Nuthatches, Kinglets, Wrens, and Chickadees.
  6. Hummingbird feeders attract these tiny fascinating birds but they also attract other birds too.

How to Attract Birds to Your Yard in New Mexico

If you would like to attract more birds to your yard in New Mexico, here are some tips:

  1. Provide bird feeders for different types of birds to get the most species to visit your yard.
  2. Provide a water feature such as a birdbath fountain or stream.  Ensure that the water is clean and not stagnant
  3.  Grow native plants that will provide food and shelter. Plants, trees, and shrubs that provide fruit, berries, and nuts. Blackberries, wild grasses, elderberries, serviceberries, Oaks, Beeches, Cherries, sumacs, hemlocks, Purple Coneflowers, Sunflowers, Milkweed, Cardinal Flowers, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Virginia Creeper, Buttonbush, and Dogwoods.
  4. Let your grass grow long to provide cover and seeds.
  5. Leave a brush pile to provide food, protection, and nesting opportunities for birds.
  6. Don’t use pesticides and herbicides as these may be toxic to birds and prevent the natural foraging opportunities for insects and seeds that birds will seek in your yard.
  7. Set up nest boxes to attract breeding birds and ensure they are cleaned every year.

How to Identify Birds in New Mexico

Here are some tips to help you identify birds:

  1. Size – Size is the easiest thing to notice about a bird.  Birds are often measured in inches or centimeters in guide books.  It’s best to take a note of the bird in terms of small, medium, or large to be able to look for it later. A small bird is about the size of a sparrow, a medium bird is about the size of a pigeon and a large bird is the size of a goose.
  2. Shape – Take note of the silhouette of the bird and jot it down or draw the outline.  Look at tail length, bill shape, wing shape, and overall body shape.
  3. Color pattern – Take a note of the main color of the head, back, belly, and wings, and tail for the main color and then any secondary colors or patterns. Also take note of any patterns such as banding, spots, or highlights.
  4. Behavior – Are they on the ground or high up in the trees. Are they in flocks or on their own?  Can you spot what they are eating?
  5. Habitat – Woodlands, parks, shrubs, grasslands or meadows, shore or marsh.
  6. Use a bird identification app such as those created by ebird or Audubon

Birds to Spot if Out Birding in New Mexico

If you go out Birding in New Mexico, these are other birds that you may be able to spot:

  1. Red-tailed Hawk
  2. Canada Goose
  3. Turkey Vulture
  4. American Kestrel
  5. Mallard
  6. Killdeer
  7. Curve-billed Thrasher
  8. Cooper’s Hawk
  9. Great Blue Heron
  10. Sandhill Crane
  11. Northern Shoveler
  12. Greater Roadrunner
  13. Gambel’s Quail
  14. Northern Harrier
  15. Ash-throated Flycatcher
  16. Violet-green Swallow
  17. Western Tanager
  18. Pied-billed Grebe
  19. Bald Eagle
  20. Black-necked Stilt
  21. American Avocet
  22. Golden Eagle
  23. Wild Turkey
  24. Pyrrhuloxia
  25. American White Pelican
  26. Osprey
  27. White-faced Ibis
  28. Long-eared Owl
  29. Rough-legged Hawk
  30. Ferruginous Hawk