Swamp Sparrow

Swamp Sparrows are dark brown on the back with rusty crowns and wings. They have gray breasts and white throats. Their heads are gray, and they have brown faces with a dark eye line and a yellow end to the beak.

  • Melospiza georgiana
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-0.8 oz (15-23 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-7.5 in (18-19 cm)


Swamp Sparrows are more located in the east. They breed in Canada and northeastern, and North Central US states before migrating to eastern and southern US states and Mexico.

Habitat And Diet

As the name would suggest, Swamp Sparrows are found in wetlands, swamps, bogs, and coastal marshes. They feed on seeds and fruit, especially in winter, and insects in spring.

Swamp Sparrow Sounds:

Their song is a rapid trill of the same note.


Nests of Swamp Sparrows are usually hidden in vegetation on or close to the ground and made from twigs, leaves, and cattails. The nest is lined with grass and other plant material.

They lay up to six eggs, which take two weeks to hatch, and the young take a further one or two weeks to fledge.

Swamp Sparrows do not visit backyards except in migration to yards with lots of vegetation and water.

Fun Fact:

Swamp Sparrows sing before dawn when it is still dark.