House Sparrow

House sparrow for identification

House Sparrows are another introduced species that have done very well and are now one of the most common birds in North America.

They have gray and brown heads and white cheeks, with a black bib. Their backs are black and brown, and their bellies are gray. Female House sparrows are browner all over and lack the black bib.

  • Passer domesticus
  • Length: 5.9-6.7 in (15-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.1 oz (27-30 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-9.8 in (19-25 cm)


House Sparrows live in the US and southern Canada all year.

Habitat And Diet

You can find House Sparrows near houses and buildings, and they can be pretty tame and may even eat out of your hand. However, they can cause problems for native birds as they do not migrate and get the best nesting sites before native birds arrive.

House Sparrows eat mostly grain and seed as well as discarded food. They can be considered a pest because they are non-native, but they are found in backyards even if you do not feed them.

House Sparrow Sounds:

Their song is a simple series of notes.


Nests of House Sparrows are hidden away in small openings in buildings or dense vegetation or nest boxes. Nests are made from dry grass and plant materials and lined with feathers and other soft materials.

They lay up to eight eggs and as many as four broods a year. Their eggs take under two weeks to hatch and a further two weeks for the chicks to fledge.

Attract House Sparrows

Attract them to your backyard feeders with most kinds of birdseed, including millet, corn, and sunflower seeds.

Fun fact:

As well as North America, House Sparrows have been introduced to South America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.