17 Largest Birds In Alaska (By Weight, Length, Wingspan)

Bald Eagle flying

Birds can be surprisingly large, especially if they spread their wings to an immense size and there are some very large birds in Alaska.

  • The largest bird by weight in Alaska is the Trumpeter Swan at 401.6 ounces
  • The largest bird by length in Alaska is the Trumpeter Swan at 72 inches
  • The largest bird by wingspan in Alaska is the Trumpeter Swan at 102 inches

These are the largest birds in Alaska in order by weight but check out the lists at the end to find out those largest by size and wingspan.

With their impressive size they should be fairly easy to spot, but how many can you find?

17 Large Birds In Alaska:

1. Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter Swans are spotted in Alaska all year, but their numbers increase during migration from April to May and October to November.

They are recorded in 4% of summer and winter checklists submitted by bird watchers for the state and up to 12% of checklists during migration.

The Trumpeter Swan has the distinction of being the longest and heaviest living bird native to North America. It is also recognized as the heaviest flying bird in the world.

Trumpeter Swan adults are entirely white except for their black bills, legs, and feet. There is a black patch on their face, seemingly connecting their eyes to their bills. Their heads and neck may occasionally show some rust-brown coloring because of their contact with iron elements in wetland soils.

Juvenile Trumpeter Swans are mostly dusky-gray, with a pink center on their black bills.

  • Cygnus buccinator
  • Length: 58 – 72 in (147 – 183 cm)
  • Weight: 401.6 oz (11381 g)
  • Wingspan: 72 – 102 in (183 – 259 cm)

You can find Trumpeter Swans in marshes, lakes, and rivers with dense vegetation. They breed in open areas near shallow waters. They are sometimes seen on agricultural fields, too.

In water, Trumpeter Swans usually eat aquatic plants and vegetation, which they can reach with their bills underwater. With their long necks, they are able to reach plants in deeper water, even going as far as tipping, like a dabbling duck, to get at their food.

Trumpeter Swans Call:

Fun Fact: Trumpeter Swans generally mate for life. When nesting, there is always one adult that stays with the nest. They are both territorial and aggressive when it comes to protecting their nesting area.

2. Wild Turkey

Wild Turkey - Male
Wild Turkey – Male
Wild Turkey Female
Wild Turkey Female

Wild Turkeys are non-native species in Alaska and are not often spotted in the state. However, there were sightings around Lazy Mountain, Funny River, and Anchor Point in 2022.

Wild Turkeys are the ancestors of domesticated turkeys and the heaviest among Galliformes. Their bodies look spherical and plump when they’re puffed and preening. 

Adult male Wild Turkeys have small, bald, red-and-blue heads with fleshy growths called caruncles. They have red wattles hanging from their necks and throats.

They have snoods (a fleshy flap on the bill) that expand, elongate, and change color depending on their emotions, like when they’re excited or threatened. 

Males have long, dark brown fanned tails with rusty or chestnut tips. Their body feathers are blackish or dark but usually have a glossy combination of red, purple, green, copper, bronze, and gold.

Adult female Wild Turkeys are smaller than males and they’re less colorful, mostly having bodies with shades of brown and gray.

  • Meleagris gallopavo
  • Length: 43.3 – 45.3 in (110 – 115 cm)
  • Weight: 88.2 – 381.0 oz (2500 – 10800 g)
  • Wingspan: 49.2 – 56.7 in (125 – 144 cm)

You can find Wild Turkeys in mature, mixed forests with oaks and pines with a good balance of cover and openings. Pastures, fields, and orchards are usually preferred habitats. 

Wild Turkeys usually forage on the ground for acorns, nuts, and other seeds and berries. They scratch around and under leaves on the ground but sometimes they also climb shrubs and low trees for fruits. They also eat salamanders, snails, beetles, and other insects. They may visit backyard feeders too. 

Fun Fact: Male Wild Turkeys court in groups. They puff their feathers, spread their tails, and gobble to attract females. Watch the colors of their heads and necks change depending on a Wild Turkey’s mood.

3. Canada Goose

Canada Goose

Canada Geese are spotted in Alaska all year, but their numbers increase during migration from April to mid-June and August to October.

They are recorded in 12% of summer checklists, 5% of winter checklists, and 30% of checklists during migration submitted by bird watchers for the state.

Canada Geese are large, long-necked geese recognized for their black head and easily identifiable white chin straps, and loud honking calls.

Their bodies are brown with a tan or pale chest and white rump. The color of the bodies among the subspecies may be shades of gray or brown. Their legs and webbed feet are black. 

  • Branta canadensis
  • Length: 25 – 45 in (64 – 114 cm)
  • Weight: 230.09 oz (6521 g)
  • Wingspan: 70 – 75 in (178 – 190 cm)

As their name would suggest, Canada Geese breed in Canada and migrate for the winter to southern US states, but those in northern US states remain all year and do not migrate. They are also found in western Europe.

You can find Canada Geese practically anywhere. They are often seen near lakes and rivers, basically, anywhere there’s a body of water and an abundant food source.

In some places, their population has risen considerably and they’re considered pests. 

Canada Geese mainly eat grasses when they’re on land and small aquatic insects and fish when they’re on the water, but will raid your trash can if they can.

Canada Goose Call:

Fun Fact: During the breeding season, adults lose their flight feathers because it coincides with their molting season. They only regain their feathers after twenty to forty days, just in time for them to fly with their young. 

4. Common Crane

Common crane (Grus grus)
Common Crane – Adult
Common Crane Juvenile
Common Crane – Juvenile

Common Cranes are accidental species in Alaska. They are extremely rare in the state but were spotted around King Island in 2022.

Common Cranes are tall gray birds with red patches on their black and white heads and long feathers at the rear.

Females are slightly smaller than males and juveniles are generally gray all over with patches of brown.

  • Grus grus
  • Length: 44 – 5 1 in (112 – 130 cm)
  • Weight: 193.6 oz (5487 g)
  • Wingspan: 79 – 91 in (201 – 231 cm)

The Common Crane or the Eurasian Crane is often found in Eurasia but is considered an accidental vagrant to the United States. They most likely migrate together with flocks of Sandhill Cranes.

You can find Common Cranes in wet meadows, forest clearings, wetlands, bogs, fields, and meadows with small lakes and ponds. During migration, they are also found on open, agricultural land. 

Common Cranes are omnivorous so they can eat both plants and animals, but prefer plants except during the breeding and nesting season when they eat more animals.

Common Crane Calls:

Interestingly, while Common Cranes mate for life, they still perform their courtship rituals every time during the mating and breeding season. They perform elaborate dance rituals and vocalizations. 

Fun Fact: The male Common Crane incubates the eggs during the day and the female takes over at night. 

5. Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle flying

Bald Eagles can be spotted all year in Alaska, but their numbers increase during winter from mid-September to mid-May. They are recorded in 26% of summer checklists and 35% of winter checklists submitted by bird watchers for the state.

The Bald Eagle is a widely-recognized bird of prey. It has a white head, yellow eyes, and a large, hooked yellow bill. Its body is chocolate brown, and its legs are yellow, with huge talons.

Females look similar to males, except they’re about 25% larger. Juveniles have dark brown heads and bodies with variable white mottling or streaking until they reach their fifth year. 

  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Length:  34 – 43 in (86 – 109 cm)
  • Weight: 168 oz (4761 g)
  • Wingspan: 72 – 96 in (183 – 244 cm)

Bald Eagles breed predominantly in Canada and then migrate to the United States for winter. However, some remain resident all year, especially in coastal regions.

You can find the Bald Eagle, during its breeding season, in wetland environments. Open and large bodies of water with plenty of fish are ideal spots.

Bald Eagles are opportunistic feeders and will eat what is available. Their favorite food is fish, and they prefer large ones, like trout and salmon, but also take birds and mammals. They may hunt these fish themselves or steal them away from other birds.

Bald Eagle Calls: The squeak of the Bald Eagle does not fit its size as they make a rather disappointing high-pitched whistle!

Bald Eagle nest

Fun Fact: The Bald Eagle has been the national symbol of America since 1782. It may be named “bald,” but it isn’t actually bald. The old version of “bald” actually meant “white,” referring to its white head and tail. 

6. Golden Eagle

Golden eagle

Golden Eagles are not very common in Alaska, but they are usually spotted here during summer from March to mid-October. They appear in 1% of summer checklists. However, some stay all year.

Golden Eagles are the most widely distributed eagles in the world. Their crown and nape (neck) are golden-brown and are a sight to behold when in the right light.

Their bodies are darker brown but with pale flight feathers. Their eyes vary from light yellow to dark brown and are ringed in yellow. 

While adults look similar, females are larger than males. Juveniles are also similar, but they tend to have a darker color.

  • Aquila chrysaetos
  • Length:  27 – 38 in (69 – 97 cm)
  • Weight: 160 oz (4534 g)
  • Wingspan: 72 – 96 in (183 – 244 cm)

Golden Eagles that breed in Canada and Alaska migrate south for winter to the United States and northern Mexico. However, Golden Eagles in western US states remain all year.

You can find Golden Eagles in mountainous habitats far above the treelines. They also inhabit canyons, riverside cliffs, and bluffs when nesting. They generally prefer to avoid human presence. 

Since Golden Eagles are birds of prey, naturally, they’d prey on small to medium-sized animals like rabbits, prairie dogs, and hares. On occasion, they may also hunt and take down larger prey like cranes, swans, and domestic livestock.

They usually hunt in pairs, with one chasing down the prey until it gets tired, and then the other swoops in for the kill. 

Golden Eagle Call: The main calls that are made by Golden Eagles are during the breeding season when chicks are begging, and parents respond. Otherwise, they are pretty quiet. They make high-pitched whistled calls.

Fun Fact: The Golden Eagle, the Rough-legged Hawk, and the Ferruginous Hawk are the only American birds of prey that have feathers on their legs up to their toes.

7. Sandhill Crane

Sandhill Crane Adult and Juvenile
Sandhill Crane Adults and Juveniles
Sandhill cranes flying
Sandhill Cranes Flying

Sandhill Cranes spend the breeding season in Alaska and occur in 11% of summer checklists. They arrive in March and start to migrate in October.

Adult Sandhill Cranes are tall, gray heavy-bodied birds with very distinctive bright-red crowns and white cheeks and necks. They have long black bills and long, black legs. They have heavy-looking, droopy feathers at the back.

Breeding adults may have more rusty or tan coloring on their gray bodies. Juveniles, on the other hand, are rusty brown without any white cheeks or red crowns. 

  • Antigone canadensis
  • Length: 34 – 48 in (86 – 122 cm)
  • Weight: 132.27 oz (3749 g)
  • Wingspan: 73 – 90 in (185 – 229 cm)

Sandhill Cranes breed in Alaska, Canada, and northern and central US states before migrating to southern US states for winter.

You can find Sandhill Cranes during winter in shallow lakes, irrigated croplands, pastures, and grasslands. From spring to summer, they move to and stay in their breeding grounds in open wetland habitats with shrubs or trees.

Sandhill Cranes are omnivores and feed on both land and water. When on land, they eat seeds, grains, berries, and tubers. When on water, they will pluck out plants from the water, or probe through mud and vegetation for amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals with their long bills. 

Sandhill Crane Calls:

Fun Facts: Sandhill Cranes find their mates by performing unison calling (loudest and most noticeable calls) and through dancing rituals. They are monogamous and mate for life.

 8. Great Blue Heron

great blue heron flying

Great Blue Herons are spotted all year in southern Alaska but they are most common from September to December. They are recorded in 1% of summer checklists and 4% of winter checklists submitted by bird watchers for the state.

Great Blue Herons are very large, majestic birds that are the largest heron native to North America. Their pale gray bodies can look white in flight.

They have a white face with a black crest or plume that extends from the front of their eyes to the back of their heads. Their bills are yellow-orangish and they have long gray necks with black and white streaking in the front, pale grayish-blue bodies with dark wingtips, and long gray legs. 

  • Ardea herodias
  • Length: 46 – 52 in (117 – 132 cm)
  • Weight: 128 oz (3628 g)
  • Wingspan: 77 – 82 in (196 – 208 cm)

Great Blue Herons remain in most US states all year, but those that breed in the Mid-West and Canada migrate south.

You can find Great Blue Herons in many wetland environments. They can be present in fresh and saltwater marshes, mangrove swamps, flooded marshes, lake edges, or shorelines.

Great Blue Heron Call:

Fun Fact: Great Blue Herons defend their feeding territory with dramatic wing outstretched displays, with their heads thrown back.

9. Snowy Owl

Snowy Owl Flying
snowy owl flying

Snowy Owls breed in Alaska, mainly around the northern coast, from June to October. They are recorded in 1% of summer checklists submitted by bird watchers for the state.

Male Snowy Owls are either white all over or have a small amount of brown spots.

Female Snowy Owls have flecks of dark brown to black on their backs, wings, and flanks, unlike the more white males. They also have thicker and more complete barring on their tails compared to the males.

Juveniles have extensive brown barring all over their bodies except their faces, underwings, legs, and feet.

  • Bubo scandiacus
  • Length: 20.5-27.9 in (52-71 cm)
  • Weight: 56.4-104.1 oz (1600-2950 g)
  • Wingspan: 49.6-57.1 in (126-145 cm)

Snowy Owls breed in the arctic around the world, including the north of Canada, and migrate to southern Canada and northern US states.

You can find Snowy Owls in open Arctic tundra and prefer to situate themselves in areas with vantage points like hummocks, ridges, knolls, and bluffs so that they can keep a close watch on their surroundings. However, they may move southward for the winter when prey is lacking.

Snowy Owls are diurnal, unlike most other owls, and spend the 24-hour summer daylight hunting in the arctic.

They hunt small mammals, especially lemmings, and can eat 1600 in a year. 

They also catch birds in flight, such as ptarmigan or waterfowl. In winter, they will eat rodents, rabbits, squirrels, and birds such as ducks and geese.

Snowy Owls calls: They make a strong raspy Hoo sound. They also hoot, whistle, and hiss if threatened.

Fun Fact: The Snowy Owl is also known as the Arctic Owl, the Polar Owl, and the White Owl.

10. Great Horned Owl

Great horned owl

Great Horned Owls are residents of Alaska all year and occur in up to 2% of checklists.

Great Horned Owls are one of the most common owls in North America.

Their most unique physical characteristic is their “Great Horns” which aren’t really horns but ear tufts. They’re tufts of feathers that they use as camouflage to make them appear like branches of trees.

The coloring and patterns of Great Horned Owls are also mainly for camouflage. Their backs and wings are mottled with gray, brown, black, or white.

  • Bubo virginianus
  • Length: 18.1 – 24.8 in (46 – 63 cm)
  • Weight: 32.1 – 88.2 oz (910 – 2500 g)
  • Wingspan: 39.8 – 57.1 in (101 – 145 cm)

Great Horned Owls are widespread throughout North America and do not migrate.

You can find Great Horned Owls in almost any environment in North America. As long as they have nesting sites, roosting sites, and an abundance of prey, they will be able to adapt to forests, deserts, grasslands, or cities.

Their varied diet includes small rodents such as mice, skunks, geese, and hares. They will also eat insects, fish, and carrion. They hunt from a perch, scanning their territory and swooping down to capture their prey with their strong talons.

Great Horned also hunt other raptors such as Ospreys, Peregrine falcons, or other owls.

Great Horned Owls: The distinctive 5-note Hoo call of the Great Horned Owl is made by both males and females, but females are higher pitched. They also make various whistles, shrieks, hisses, and coos.

Fun Fact: Great Horned Owls are the crows’ number one enemy. Crows will usually mob Great Horned Owls in their nests, and that is one of the best ways to find them.

11. Osprey

Osprey (pandion haliaetus)
Osprey – Adult
Osprey Juvenile
Osprey – Juvenile

Ospreys spend the breeding season in Alaska and occur in 1% of summer checklists. They arrive in mid-April and start to migrate in October.

Ospreys are large, fierce-looking birds of prey that are also known as fish hawks or sea hawks for their specialized ability to catch large fish.

Their outer toe can turn backward and they have long powerful talons and spiny scales on the soles of their feet which aid them in grasping slippery, strong fish.

They are generally brown on the back and white underneath. Their heads are white, with some brown streaking on their crowns and foreheads. They have a distinctive broad brown line through their eyes that extends to the sides of their necks.

  • Pandion haliaetus
  • Length: 21 – 24 in (53 – 61 cm)
  • Weight: 63.49 oz (1799 g)
  • Wingspan: 54 – 72 in (137 -183 cm)

You can find Ospreys practically anywhere in the world, except Antarctica, particularly with large bodies of water. They can tolerate any habitat as long as the food is accessible and abundant. 

Ospreys feed almost exclusively on live fish. They will search for prey and when found, hover over water, then dive, feet and talons first, to capture fish.

Osprey Calls:

Fun Facts: Ospreys have reversible outer toes, like owls, that allow them to easily and securely grasp fish. They also have closeable nostrils to keep water from entering their noses when they plunge into the water.

12. Great Egret

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

Great Egrets are considered rare or accidental species in Alaska but there has been a recent sighting around Atka Island in 2022.

Great Egrets are at their best during the breeding season when males have neon green facial skin and long, wispy feathers (aigrettes) extending from their backs to their tails, which they show off during courtship, like how a peacock flares out its tail.  

They are large, all-white herons, which is why they’re often called Great White Herons. They are also called common egrets. These large birds are white, with dagger-like, long, bright yellow bills and long, black legs and feet.

Non-breeding males, females, and juveniles look alike. 

  • Ardea alba
  • Length: 37 – 41 in (94 – 104cm)
  • Weight: 59.96 oz (1699 g)
  • Wingspan: 54 – 55 in (137 – 140 cm)

Great Egrets have a vast range around the world. Those in the southern and coastal US states remain all year, but those more inland and in Canada migrate south.

You can find Great Egrets in freshwater and saltwater marshes and tidal flats, but also fish ponds.

Great Egret Calls:

Fun Fact: The Great Egret was almost hunted to extinction because of their long white feathers (aigrettes) that were mainly used to decorate ladies’ hats. 

13. Turkey Vulture

Turkey Vulture

Turkey Vultures are considered rare or accidental species in Alaska, but there have been a few recorded sightings here during summer.

Turkey Vultures are aptly named. They do look like turkeys with their big, bald, red heads and upper necks and brownish-black bodies. However, they are larger than turkeys, and when they’re in flight, their broad wings are slightly raised and make a “V”.  

Under their wings, they have gray coloring, making it seem like they’re two-toned. Their eyes are dark brown, and their bills are light-colored.

  • Cathartes aura
  • Length:  26 – 32 in (66 – 81 cm)
  • Weight: 51.2 oz (1451 g)
  • Wingspan: 68 – 72 in (173 – 183 cm)

You can find Turkey Vultures in a wide range of habitats, but the most common is open and semi-open areas next to woodlands.

Turkey Vulture flying

Turkey Vultures’ main source of food is carrion or recently dead or decaying animals as long as it hasn’t decayed too much. They may feed on roadkill and washed-up fish and may even kill small or weak animals. 

Turkey Vultures calls: They can only make a raspy hissing sound, but are usually silent.

Fun Facts: When Turkey Vultures are threatened or aggravated, they will vomit to provide a distraction and fly away. They may even pretend to be dead. 

14. Rough-legged Hawk

Rough Legged Hawk

Rough-legged Hawks breed in Alaska, mainly in the north of the state, but their numbers increase during migration in April and September.

The feathered legs of the Rough-legged Hawks give them their name and help to keep them warm in the arctic. They are fairly large hawks, between the size of a crow and a goose. 

This predominantly dark-brown species occurs in light and dark forms, with dark patches at the bend of the wing, end of their tails, and across the belly. They have broad wings that are relatively long and narrow compared to other hawks.

  • Length: 18.5-20.5 in (47-52 cm)
  • Weight: 25.2-49.4 oz (715-1400 g)
  • Wingspan: 52.0-54.3 in (132-138 cm)

Rough-legged Hawks breed in Alaska and northern Canada before migrating to the US for winter. They are usually sighted hovering over marshes and open fields or perched on a pole.

Lemmings and voles provide most of the prey for Rough-legged Hawks. Voles, mice, ground squirrels, and other small mammals provide winter prey in states such as West Virginia.

15. Glaucous-winged Gull

glaucous-winged gull - breeding
Glaucous Winged Gull – breeding
Glaucous-winged gull - Non-breeding
Glaucous-winged gull – Non-breeding

Glaucous-winged Gulls are spotted along the coast of Alaska, during migration in the north, during summer in the west, and all year in the south of the state. They appear in 18% of summer checklists and 24% of winter checklists.

Breeding adult Glaucous-winged Gulls have white heads and dark eyes. They have yellow bills with a red spot near the tip. They have silver-gray backs and wings with white wingtips. Their underparts are white and their legs are pink. 

Non-breeding adult Glaucous-winged Gulls look similar to breeding adults except that their heads, napes, and necks have varying degrees of tan or light brown smudges or mottling. They still have the same yellow bill with a red spot, gray backs and wings (with white wingtips), white bellies, and pink legs. 

Juveniles take four years before they reach adult plumage. First-winter birds are generally mottled pale brown and white all over with black bills and pink legs.

  • Larus glaucescens
  • Length: 19.7 – 23.2 in (50 – 59 cm)
  • Weight: 31.8 – 42.3 oz (900-1200 g)
  • Wingspan: 47.2 – 56.3 in (120 – 143 cm)

You can find Glaucous-winged Gulls living on small, treeless islands in the ocean but close to shorelines. They often forage in sheltered coves, rocky beaches, and rocky tidepools. They are accustomed to living in urban areas and stay close to fishing vessels to partake of spilled or discarded fish. 

Glaucous-winged Gulls eat a variety of prey. They hunt in tidal areas where they catch crabs, sea stars, oysters, clams, or fish. They also target birds, eggs, and chicks and may scavenge for dead animals or scraps from garbage bags in urban areas. 

Glaucous-winged Gull Calls:

Fun Fact: Glaucous-winged Gulls dropped shellfish onto rocks to break the shells before eating the soft insides.

16. Gyrfalcon

Silver Gray Gyrfalcon
Gray Gyrfalcon
White Gyrfalcon
White Gyrfalcon

Gyrfalcons are spotted all year along the coast of Alaska but they are most common from mid-May to November.

Gyrfalcons are the largest Falcons and are apex predators of the Arctic, where they snatch birds from the sky or dive at great speed to catch unsuspecting prey from the ground.

Their coloring varies greatly but generally, they have three morphs – white, silver/gray, and dark. Silver/gray is most common in North America 

The silver/gray morphs are heavily banded gray and white on their upperparts but some are mostly gray without obvious banding. Their underparts are evenly spotted and white at the throat. Juveniles have solid dark heads and are browner overall.

  • Falco rusticolus
  • Length: 20 – 25 in (51 – 64 cm)
  • Weight: 41.6 oz (1179 g)
  • Wingspan: 48 – 64 in (122 – 163 cm)

Gyrfalcons are found predominantly in the arctic and sub-arctic around the world. Those that breed in the high arctic of Canada migrate to the rest of Canada and into the United States for winter.

You can find Gyrfalcons in one of the harshest places on earth, the arctic tundra. They usually stay on cliffs near shorelines or rivers and with a vast open space where they can easily hunt prey.

Gyrfalcon Call:

Fun Fact: When the chicks aren’t able to finish off their meal, the female Gyrfalcon will keep or store their leftovers behind some vegetation to retrieve later.

17. Great Gray Owl

Great gray owl

Great Gray Owls are resident all year in Alaska but they are spotted here more during winter, from late December to March.

The Great Gray Owl deserves the title of “Great” because it has a large head and has the largest facial disk among birds of prey, and a tail that’s a foot long. Its actual body may be small, but its feathers are thick and fluffy, making it look bigger than it really is. 

They have long wings and tails, earning them the title “World’s Largest Owl”

Great Gray Owls are generally silvery gray with some pale gray, brown, and white streaks. They have large round heads, small yellow eyes, a hooked bill, and a white collar just under the bill. They do not have any ear tufts.

  • Strix nebulosa
  • Length:  24 – 33 in (61 – 84 cm)
  • Weight: 27.2 oz (771 g)
  • Wingspan: 54 – 60 in (137 – 152 cm)

Great Gray Owls do not migrate but may move around in some years looking for food. They are resident in Canada, Alaska, northwestern US states, and down the Pacific Coast.

You can find Great Gray Owls in dense, wet, evergreen forests. They usually hunt in open meadows with scattered trees. Bogs are also hunting grounds, and you can find them in mixed pine and oak forests.

Great Gray Owls are night hunters. First, they listen and wait at their perches. When they’ve targeted their prey, they swoop down and capture them, if in the open. If their prey is under snow, they “snow-plunge” their way in to grab their prey. 

Their large facial disks give them excellent hearing that allows them to identify prey even under two feet of snow.

Prey usually includes small mammals like voles, gophers, mice, chipmunks, and lemmings. Sometimes, they may also feast on ducks, jays, and quail. 

Great Gray Owl calls: The hoo calls of the Great Gray Owl are made by males and females.

Fun Fact: Great Gray Owls although they look large they are actually quite small under all those feathers and so only catch small prey such as rodents.

Largest Birds In Alaska By Weight

  1. Trumpeter Swan – 401.6 ounces
  2. Wild Turkey – 381 ounces
  3. Canada Goose – 230.1 ounces
  4. Common Crane – 193.6 ounces
  5. Bald Eagle – 168 ounces
  6. Golden Eagle – 160 ounces
  7. Sandhill Crane – 132.3 ounces
  8. Great Blue Heron – 128 ounces
  9. Snowy Owl – 104.1 ounces
  10. Great Horned Owl – 88.2 ounces
  11. Osprey – 63.5 ounces
  12. Great Egret – 60 ounces
  13. Turkey Vulture – 51.2 ounces
  14. Rough-legged Hawk – 49.4 ounces
  15. Glaucous-winged Gull – 42.3 ounces
  16. Gyrfalcon – 41.6 ounces
  17. Great Gray Owl – 27.2 ounces

Largest Birds In Alaska By Length

  1. Trumpeter Swan – 72 inches
  2. Great Blue Heron – 52 inches
  3. Common Crane – 51 inches
  4. Sandhill Crane – 48 inches
  5. Wild Turkey – 45 inches
  6. Canada Goose – 45 inches
  7. Bald Eagle – 43 inches
  8. Great Egret – 41 inches
  9. Golden Eagle – 38 inches
  10. Great Gray Owl – 33 inches
  11. Turkey Vulture – 32 inches
  12. Snowy Owl – 27.9 inches
  13. Gyrfalcon – 25 inches
  14. Great Horned Owl – 24.8 inches
  15. Osprey – 24 inches
  16. Glaucous-winged Gull – 23.2 inches
  17. Rough-legged Hawk – 20.5 inches

Largest Birds In Alaska By Wingspan

  1. Trumpeter Swan – 102 inches
  2. Bald Eagle – 96 inches
  3. Golden Eagle – 96 inches
  4. Common Crane – 91 inches
  5. Sandhill Crane – 90 inches
  6. Great Blue Heron – 82 inches
  7. Canada Goose – 75 inches
  8. Turkey Vulture – 72 inches
  9. Osprey – 72 inches
  10. Gyrfalcon – 64 inches
  11. Great Gray Owl – 60 inches
  12. Snowy Owl – 57.1 inches
  13. Great Horned Owl – 57.1 inches
  14. Wild Turkey – 56.7 inches
  15. Glaucous-winged Gull – 56.3 inches
  16. Great Egret – 55 inches
  17. Rough-legged Hawk – 54.3 inches