Virginia’s Warbler

Virginia's Warbler cc
Credit: Photo Kent

Virginia’s Warblers are very small and easily overlooked birds, but they have really striking colors. Males and females are pretty similar in coloring. They both have gray heads, backs, and bellies. Their heads have a reddish patch on the crown. 

They seem to look like they’re always surprised because of their dark eyes with white eyering. Their throats are white, their chests and rumps are yellow, and their bellies are gray. Their wings and tail are black. 

Females may have less brilliant crowns compared to males. Juveniles are paler in color, and they don’t have the reddish crown common to adults. 

  • Leiothlypis virginiae
  • Length: 4.5 – 4.75 inches (11 – 12 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3 oz (9 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.25 – 7.75 inches (18 – 20 cm)


Virginia’s Warblers are found in southwestern US states and are not found in Virginia as their name comes from the person who discovered them – Virginia Anderson.

Habitat And Diet

You can find Virginia’s Warblers in pinyon-juniper brushlands, pine and oak woodlands, and woodlands near streams. In winter, they live among dry scrub.

These Virginia Warblers are so small that it’s difficult to observe them, so not much is known about their diet. They have been observed to hop from branch to branch among the trees at mid-level, and they’re presumed to eat insects like other warblers. 

Virginia Warblers’ Song:


Nests are located on the ground and are pretty hard to find. They’re well-concealed among dead leaves at the bottom of a shrub or tree. The female probably built it from coarse grass, bark strips, roots, and moss. The female lays around three to five eggs and most likely incubates them on her own. 

Fun Fact: 

Because of their size, Virginia’s Warblers are hard to see, but you just might catch them because they frequently wag their tail up and down while they’re on branches of pine and oak trees.