Broad-billed Hummingbirds are brilliantly colored, even among hummingbirds. The males are rich metallic green all over with a blue throat that extends down the breast. Females have a pale belly, and both males and females have red beaks that are black-tipped and wide near their heads.
- Length: 3.1 – 3.9 in (8-10 cm)
- Weight: 0.1-0.1 oz (3-4 g)
Broad-billed Hummingbirds are resident all year in central Mexico and the Pacific Coast of Mexico. Some birds migrate north into mountain canyons in southern Arizona and New Mexico for breeding between March and September, and a few remain all year near the Mexican border.
Habitat And Diet
Canyon streams and mountain meadows provide the ideal foraging areas for Broad-billed Hummingbirds, but they will also visit backyard feeders.
Broad-billed Hummingbird Call:
Males perform a flight display during courtship and fly in an arc from side to side and call from perches.
Nests are built quite low to the ground, at about 3 feet up, near streams or rocky outcrops. They are camouflaged on the outside and are only 1-inch across. Females do all the incubating and raising of the young.
Broad-billed Hummingbirds consume over one and a half times their body weight in nectar a day.